Factory and Garden City morphotype is represented by a low-dense individual environment with a private land plot, characterized by dense greenery and walkable spaces and pedestrian accessibility for the workplaces (factory/industry). The development and landscaping were according to a single plan with differentiation of pedestrian and transport streets, typification of housing, and uniform norms of building density with the homestead division of the territory of residential buildings; carrying out the project considered the specific historical and geographical conditions.


The idea of a garden city as a spatial solution for small cooperative semi-urban, semi-rural communities was quickly transformed in pre-revolutionary Russia. Furthermore, it comprised departmental settlements at factories, railways, and industry. Spatially, it still looks like a small village, consisting of separate plots and individual houses. From the point of view of land ownership, this is not connected with the ideas of E. Howard. The urban space of the factory settlements retained the principles of regularity, dominated by low buildings with 1-2 rarely three-storey buildings. They have richly decorated street facades according to the standards of 19th-century architecture, with pillars of electric lighting, stone buildings on the main street and the square and the predominance of wooden houses in the other parts of the factory village. 



Pic. 04 Garden City - Kratovo